Most of us are not aware of our BMR, but we can assess our metabolism subjectively. However, if you ever calculated your BMR with one of the online calculators or you consulted a medical professional, you’re bound to have some questions.
If, for example, your BMR is low, you’ll want to know the cause.
Well, there are several things that can factor into a slower than desired BMR. Some things you have little to no control over such as your genes, hormones, or certain necessary medications. However, factors you can control include amount of sleep, diet, water intake, and activity level.
Your BMR, or Basal Metabolic Rate, is just the energy that your body burns when resting (not doing anything). Your daily calorie expenditure is likely to be higher, even with minimal activity. Of course, if you want to boost it, you can do so by exercising, being active, and eating well.
Want to know more? Read on and find out all about BMR, how to calculate it, and what it takes to give it a boost.
What Is BMR?
BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) is the number of calories or energy your body burns when you’re resting. This set number of calories is what it takes to keep your body running when you are not doing absolutely anything.
The body needs to spend energy, even if you are not moving around. This energy keeps you running — while you’re sleeping, for example, your body is still doing a lot of work. Your body can consume up to 70% of the calories you intake daily just to work properly.
Knowing your BMR is also important when you want to lose weight. The rate at which your body burns calories dictates how many calories you can consume and still lose weight. So, the higher your BMR is, the more calories you can consume.
Muscles spend more calories than fat, so people with more muscles burn more calories. If you increase your level of activity, you’ll burn more calories too — and your BMR will be higher as well.
Another important factor here is your metabolic age. Your BMR will rise as you age from a child up to the late teenage years, when it will stop and start to decrease. If your BMR is low, this means you have to eat fewer calories to lose weight. When calculating your BMR, it’s important to include your age because that also dictates the number of calories you can consume.
How to Calculate Your BMR
You’ve probably already used an online calculator to see what your BMR is. This is the simplest and cheapest way to find this out, but all of these calculators use a basic formula. They will give you the right results based on your measurements, age, gender, and level of activity.
Here are the formulas these calculators use:
Men: 66 + (6.23 x Your Weight in lbs) + (12.7 x Your Height in Inches) — (6.8 x Your Age)
Women: 655 + (4.35 x Your Weight in Lbs) + (4.7 x Your Height in Inches) — (4.7 x Your Age)
The number you get will signal your BMR or how many calories your body burns with zero activity. However, we all move around and perform some sort of activity every day, so you need to calculate that as well so that you can know how many calories your body needs in total.
Here are some guidelines:
If you don’t exercise much besides regular daily activities, multiply your BMR by 1.2
If you exercise 1 to 3 times every week, your BMR should be multiplied by 1.375
If you work out 3 to 5 times a week, you should multiply your BMR with 1.55
If you work out 6 to 7 days a week, your BMR should be multiplied by 1.725
If you work out daily and have a physical job (this includes people who exercise two times daily), your BMR should be multiplied by 1.9
The number of calories you get in this calculation is the number of calories necessary for you to maintain your weight. If you want to lose weight, you have to eat less than that.
What Causes Low BMR?
If you calculated your BMR and it’s lower than you thought, you might be wondering what caused that. Well, there are a few mistakes you might be making that are keeping your metabolism slow. Here are some of them:
Eating a low amount of calories. While it may seem strange, eating less makes your metabolism slower (and thus slows down any weight loss). If your goal is to lose weight, you’ll need a calorie deficit, but only in reasonable amounts. When your body realizes that you are eating less, it starts burning calories slower to ensure it has more energy for later.
Not eating protein. Protein helps you feel full, and it can also speed up your body’s calorie consumption. It has a thermic effect that is higher than other nutrients, and eating protein helps increase metabolism. Inevitably, your metabolic rate will slow as you lose weight, but you’ll make that effect less significant if you consume more protein.
Being sedentary. If your work is mostly sitting, your metabolic rate is likely to slow down. You’ll burn fewer calories. Even the simplest tasks like cleaning the house or walking could help you reduce that effect, especially if most of your time is spent without significant activity.
Lack of sleep. Not sleeping enough is known to cause many health issues, but it can also slow your metabolism down. A lack of sleep will cause you to lose weight at a slower rate, and it can introduce numerous other problems. Sleeping during the day and being awake at night is also bad for you, and it slows down your metabolic rate as well.
Sugary drinks. You probably already know that these are bad for you, but did you know that they can also slow your metabolic rate down. Aside from that, sugary drinks introduce a large number of empty calories to your body, and they don’t have anything useful while making you gain weight.
What to Do if Your BMR Is Low?
When people ask about how to boost their BMR, there are often many recommendations on what to eat or drink, based on anecdotal evidence (in translation: a friend of a friend tried this, and it worked). The problem with that is that each person is unique and what possibly worked for someone might not work for you.
Common recommendations include caffeinated drinks like coffee or green tea, but there are others like energy drinks or spicy food. Medical evidence only vaguely mentions that these could work, but they are not a magical solution.
BMR is pretty hard to control, and it depends on numerous factors. While increasing it is unlikely, you can control how many calories you burn every day. And this comes only through physical activity.
People whose BMR is higher probably just have more activity in their day, whether through work or exercise. In that spirit, here are some ways you could boost your daily calorie burn:
Strength training. More than any other activity, strength training can help you burn more calories. What’s more, it can help you burn more calories even when not doing anything simply because you’ll have more muscles and less fat. Muscles burn more calories. You should do this at least twice a week — lift weights, do high-intensity training, etc. Even some regular activities like heavier gardening could help.
Aerobic training. Another form of exercise that will give your BMR a boost is aerobic. And it doesn’t have to be an every-day thing. You just need to do 150 minutes of aerobic activity weekly, and you’ll see the benefits. Aerobic activities you can do with ease are walking, swimming, or even cycling. Naturally, if you want to lose weight, you’ll need to do more.
Move around. You don’t have to exercise specifically, but you do need to stay active on a daily basis. For example, walk to work or ride a bike, avoid elevators and use stairs, move around when you’re home, run with your dog, etc. Every movement is beneficial, and it will help you burn calories quickly.
Eat More. (Make healthy choice the easy choice)Spinach…B vitamins…
Sleep More (Cortisol…
As you can see, a lack of activity and poor food choices can lower your BMR, and only more activity and better food can fix that. Try to introduce some basic, fun activities into your life, like a dancing session in your living room to your favorite songs or a bit of gardening. Any activity makes a difference.
Consume healthy food and stay away from sugary beverages, junk food, etc. Remember that there’s no magic pill for metabolism speed or weight loss — no matter what shady websites tell you — so you have to put in some work. Good luck!
NCBI: Evidence for Resistance Training as a Treatment Therapy in Obesity
NCBI: Impact of Different Training Modalities on Anthropometric and Metabolic Characteristics in Overweight/Obese Subjects: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis
NCBI: Examining Variations of Resting Metabolic Rate of Adults: A Public Health Perspective
Science Direct: Energy expenditure and aging
Oxford Academic: The effects of aerobic fitness on resting metabolic rate
The University of Chicago Press Journals: Basal Metabolic Rate: History, Composition, Regulation, and Usefulness
Journal of Applied Physiology: Concurrent resistance and endurance training influence basal metabolic rate in nondieting individuals
Cambridge University Press: Basal metabolic rate studies in humans: measurement and development of new equations
Oxford Press: A reanalysis of the factors influencing basal metabolic rate in normal adults